# Ejectamenta News Summary

## Understanding mortgages/loans

### How mortgages or loans companies make money from you

In our mortgage example we are going to borrow 140,000 pounds at an interest of 6.5% annually for a term lasting 30 years. The main calculation will be how much of the principal (amount borrowed is paid back every month). For this we will use the annuity formula, where r is the monthly interest rate expressed as a decimal (r=yearly_rate/12/100), P is the principal or the amount borrowed and N the number of months in the full term.

c=(r*P)/((1-(1+r)^-N))

Using this formula we can calculate our monthly payment (c=885 pounds). The other formula we need is for the debt schedule which tells us how much of the principal gets paid off every month which we will term p.

p=((1+r)*P')-c

Where P' is the previous months outstanding amount (p) which at the beginning of the term will be equal to P (More information on the formulas used can be found here).

I have generated a few plots from the formulas given above to try to demonstrate what happens to your money when you pay back a mortgage or loan. For example the plot of p vs N below shows a typical repayment curve for the borrowed money

You can see in this figure that the amount of the capital that you pay back in the beginning years is not much with most of the money being spent paying back the interest. This means that if you move early on in the term you wont get much money back from the mortgage, therefore it is better if possible to hang in there until the full term has ended.

The next figure shows the proportions of the monthly mortgage payment split between capital and interest payments as the mortgage progresses. It actually takes 19 years 4 months before capital payments are greater than the interest payments in a 30 year mortgage.